Dermoid Cyst Removal Doctor in Pune

Dermoid Cyst Removal Doctor in Pune

Dermoid Cysts

A dermoid cyst is an enclosed sac near the surface of the skin that forms during a baby’s development in the uterus. The cyst can form anywhere in the body. It may contain hair follicles, skin tissue, and glands that produce sweat and skin oil. The glands continue to produce these substances, causing the cyst to grow. Dermoid cysts are common. They’re usually harmless, but they need surgery to remove them. They don’t resolve on their own. Dermoid cysts are a congenital condition. This means they’re present at birth.

These rarer dermoid cysts occur in four major areas:

  • Dermoid cysts in the brain: Dermoid cysts occur very rarely here. A neurosurgeon may need to remove them if they cause problems.
  • Dermoid cysts in the nasal sinuses: These are also very rare. Only a handful of cases involving dermoid cysts located here are reported each year. Removal of these cysts is extremely complicated.
  • Ovarian dermoid cysts: These growths can develop in a woman during their reproductive years. They can cause torsion, infection, rupture, and cancer. These dermoid cysts can be removed with either conventional surgery or laparoscopy (surgery that uses small incisions and specially designed instruments to enter the abdomen or pelvis).
  • Dermoid cysts of the spinal cord: A sinus tract, which is a narrow connection from a deep pit in the skin, usually connects these very rare cysts to the skin surface. This type of dermoid cyst can become infected. Removal is often incomplete, but the outcome is usually excellent.

Symptoms of Dermoid Cysts

Many dermoid cysts have no obvious symptoms. In some of these cases, symptoms develop only after the cyst has become infected or has grown significantly. When symptoms are present, they may include the following:

Periorbital dermoid cyst

Cysts near the surface of the skin can swell. This may feel uncomfortable. The skin may have a yellowish tint. An infected cyst can become very red and swollen. If the cyst bursts, it can spread the infection. The area around the eye may get very inflamed if the cyst is on the face.

Ovarian dermoid cyst

If the cyst has grown large enough, you may feel some pain in your pelvic area near the side with the cyst. This pain may be more pronounced around the time of your menstrual cycle.

Spinal dermoid cyst

Symptoms of a spinal dermoid cyst usually begin once the cyst has grown large enough that it starts to compress the spinal cord or the nerves in the spine. 

How are Dermoid Cysts Diagnosed

Many dermoid cysts have no obvious symptoms. In some of these cases, symptoms develop only after the cyst has become infected or has grown significantly

Diagnosing a periorbital dermoid cyst or a similar cyst near the skin’s surface in the neck or chest can usually be done with a physical exam. Your doctor may be able to move the cyst under the skin and get a good sense of its size and shape.

The imaging tests your doctor may use include:

  • CT scan. A CT scan uses a special X-ray and computer equipment to create three-dimensional, layered views of tissue inside the body.
  • MRI scan. An MRI uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images inside the body.

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